Following “Libération”'s Revelations of the 1941-1944 Archives Destroyed in a Fire at a Warehouse in Le Havre. Property Held by Jews: A Response From the Caisse des dépôts, by Pierre Saragoussi
On January 16th, Libération published a series of articles on the confiscation of property owned by Jews, articles partially withdrawn from the January 17th edition. In it, the Caisse des dépôts (English: Deposits and Consignments Fund) is accused, amongst other things, of “deceit” and of “ill will.” This is totally inaccurate.
Indeed, the Caisse des dépôts did not anticipate the February, 1997 establishment of the commission chaired by Jean Mattéoli to undertake research on its role in the confiscation of Jewish property during the occupation and reconstruction.
- It began this research in November 1992 at the request of Jean Kahn, then-President of the CRIF (Conseil Représentatif des Institutions juives de France) (English: Representative Council of French Jewish Institutions) (“CRIF”). In 1995, the result of these initial investigations was brought to the attention of the CRIF, public powers, and the mission on the “fichiers juifs” (police files on Jews) headed by René Rémond.
In view of this early work, the Caisse des dépôts has decided to strengthen the system and means used to draw up an inventory of its records, and to analyze the content within.
In its interim report, the Mattéoli commission commends the effort of the Caisse des dépôts “where considerable resources have been mobilized to clarify the conditions and consequences of its actions during the period with which we are now working closely.”
In addition, the Caisse des dépôts has voluntarily set up a historical committee charged with guiding and carrying out a critical look at current research. Chaired by René Rémond, it brings together independent and compelling personalities: Jean-Pierre Azema, historian; Pierre Cortesse, former Auditor-Master of the Cour des comptes (English: Court of Auditors); and Roger Errera, a state councilor. The Caisse des dépôts is determined to shed light on its role and activities during the years of the Occupation and the aftermath of the war.
Moreover, this file contains objective errors that cause serious prejudice against the Caisse des dépôts. The looting of Jewish property carried out under the July 22, 1941 law was not “for the profit of public agencies such as the Caisse des dépôts” but rather for that of numerous “Aryan” buyers. The proceeds of the sale and liquidation of Jewish property have been “consigned to the Caisse des dépôts” as required by the July 22, 1941 law, but the money from the looting was deposited on behalf of the dispossessed owners.
The Caisse des dépôts et de consignations has not played a particularly central, vested role in the Commissariat général aux questions juives (English: General Office of the Commissioner for Jewish Affairs) (“CGQJ”). Its role has been, under the laws and regulations made by the Vichy regime, to receive consignments under the order of the General Commissioner for Jewish Affairs or his representative.
Read the article in its original French here.
Implementation of the Agreement of Sale of the TurboMotors Turbine Components Business Elements
Announced last October 13th, the transfer of the Pechiny TurboMotors business elements was carried out on December 13th.
This activity consists of Howmet Corporation and its subsidiaries, as well as Cercast Group. With a turnover of approximately $900 million, it ranks first worldwide for the production of precision lost-wax investment casting in super-alloys and titanium alloys, and aluminum.
The buyer is a joint venture formed by the Carlyle Group, an American financial group holding significant interests in aerospace and defense, and Thiokol Corporation, an American industrial group listed in the New York Stock Exchange.
In accordance with the statements provided above, the gross proceeds of this sale are $750 million.
This marks the completion of the disposal program of three business lines (North America Metal and Specialty Boxing, North America Drinking Glass and Constituents of TurboMotors), decided by the Pechiny Group in April 1995. This program generally results in a net profit of 1 billion francs recorded in Pechiny International's 1995 financial statements, of which 67% due to the Pechiny Group.
Indigenous Populations in Africa
Under international law, the right to self-determination is not synonymous with a unilateral right to self-determination and secession. It is incorrect to suggest that the human right to self-determination should not be reaffirmed in the Declaration because it can be misinterpreted and understood as giving a particular subcategory of the national population a unilateral right to self-determination and secession, threatening the political unity and territorial integrity of a country. Any human right can be “misinterpreted,” but this is not a valid reason to oppose this law.
The committee on indigenous populations/communities' report clearly states that the right to self-determination does not in any way constitute a threat to the territorial integrity of African countries:
“The collective rights called “peoples' rights” should be applicable to certain categories of the populations within Nation States, including the indigenous populations but that...the right to self-determination as it is outlined in the provisions of the OAU Charter and in the African Charter should not be understood as a sanctioning of secessionist sentiments. The self-determination of the populations should therefore be exercised within the national inviolable borders of a State, by taking due account of the sovereignty of the Nation State.”
Many African states share the modern and functional acceptance of self-determination. Notably, Section 235 of the South African Constitution, which states:
“The right of the South African people as a whole to self-determination, as manifested in this Constitution, does not preclude, within the framework of this right, recognition of the notion of the right of self-determination of any community sharing a common cultural and language heritage, within a territorial entity in the Republic or in any other way, determined by national legislation.”
In addition, no single indigenous community exists in Africa that wishes to become an independent state, or that threatens its country with secession. These peoples or communities seek, rather, to enforce certain aspects of self-determination that do not threaten territorial integrity, including the right to fully participate in national life, the right to local self-government, the right to be consulted and to participate in the development of certain laws and programs, the right to recognition and valuation of their traditional structures and the freedom to enjoy and promote their culture.
Complete, Concise and Practical: CAA-Quebec Travel Business Services Now Offers You New Itineraries Confirming Your Trips
As of April 10, you’ll receive confirmation of your travel itineraries and related information in a whole new way. Thanks to ViewTrip.com, your travel itineraries will be sent by email, presented in a clear and appealing format.
Take a look at the attached example. Everything you need to know is clearly shown: remarks from your advisor, the details of your trip, etc., summarized on the opposite table. You can also access your electronic ticket by clicking on view your e-ticket receipt, which is available in English only for the time being.
This is just another way that we improve information technology and internet communications to make your life easier.
Of course, we’re only a phone call away if you’d like to speak with us directly.
Thank you for your business!
CAA-Quebec Travel Business Services Team